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Phoenix Center Open House!

Please RSVP to

Experiential Group Tools for Post-Traumatic Growth and Networking | 3pm-4pm | 1 CE Hour
Presented by the Phoenix Center team: Dr. Scott Giacomucci, Amy Stone, Rachel Longer, & Leela Ehrhart
This event will highlight the importance of post-traumatic growth while connecting it to the symbol of the phoenix. We will demonstrate simple experiential group facilitation skills used to uncover similarities and connections within groups. In this context, we will use them as networking tools to establish stronger connections between attendees while celebrating post-traumatic growth in our clients. The clinical importance of safety, relationships, and connection will be emphasized as it relates to experiential trauma therapy.

Learning Objectives:
1. Identify one action-based group tool; 2) Define post-traumatic growth; 3) Explain the importance of connection in establishing safety

Phoenix Center for Experiential Trauma Therapy (Lic. #004115) is approved by the Pennsylvania State Board of Social Workers, Marriage and Family Therapists and Professional Counselors to offer continuing education for social workers, marriage and family therapists and professional counselors. Phoenix Center for Experiential Trauma Therapy, LLC maintains responsibility for the program. Phoenix Center for Experiential Trauma Therapy (Lic. # PSY000215) is approved by the Pennsylvania State Board of Psychology to offer continuing education for psychologists. Phoenix Center for Experiential Trauma Therapy maintains responsibility for the program.

Creative Arts Therapy Symposium

We are grateful for the beautiful Creative Arts Therapy Symposium yesterday at Center for Families in Bryn Mawr!

Dr Scott Giacomucci & Dr Steven Durost presented an afternoon workshop on Sociometry, Psychodrama, & Experiential Trauma Group Therapy and engaged the entire audience in the short psychodrama piece! All of the presenters yesterday creatively integrated content & process for a fun and exciting training experience for all.

We are happy to support the growth of the creative arts therapies in our community by both presenting and providing CEUs for this event. Thank you to Sean Rodgers for all his work organizing this event and to Mirmont Treatment Center & Ashley Addiction Treatment for sponsoring the event!

Experiential Social Group Work

Another powerful post-graduate training today “Experiential Social Group Work: Tools for Therapists, Educators, Supervisors, & Community Leaders” at Bryn Mawr College Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research with Scott Giacomucci & Amy Stone!

Today we explored the utility of sociometry & psychodrama in both clinical and non-clinical settings. Experiential Education, Interpersonal Neurobiology, and mutual aid were emphasized as uniting factors between group therapy and other group work arenas.

Visit our website to learn more about future training opportunities –

#SocialWork #GroupWork #GroupPsychotherapy #Sociometry #PsychoDrama #MutualAid #ExperientialEducation #InterpersonalNeurobiology

New Office!

We are excited to announce the opening of our new office!

We are now able to take new clients & referrals – 484-440-9416

This new space will allow us to continue to grow as new clinicians join our team to help keep up with the community’s needs for trauma therapy & educational services.

Check out our newest trauma therapists, both taking new clients:

Rachel Longer, MSS, LSW, CET 1 –

Leela Ehrhart, MA, CET 1 –

Our new space has multiple individual office spaces and a large group room. Stay tuned for newly forming groups including:

-experiential trauma therapy client groups

-personal growth intensives

-supervision groups for licensing, psychodrama, & experiential trauma therapy

-EMDR consultation group

Special thanks to Amy Stone for all the amazing work she does at the center and to Maria Sotomayor & Chad Tingley for helping to decorate!

Also stay posted for an open house in the next month or two!

Post Traumatic Growth

Post Traumatic Growth in one of these 5 domains is actually statistically more likely to occur after a traumatic event than PTSD!

25% adults that experience a trauma will develop PTSD (or every other child) while around 66% report post traumatic growth in at least one of these five domains.

Our namesake of the Phoenix is a symbol of post traumatic growth and guides our philosophy of trauma therapy.

#posttraumaticgrowth #traumarecovery #traumatherapy #ptsd #traumaticstress

Adverse Childhood Experiences and Addiction

Adult addiction and mental illness are strongly correlated with childhood adversity including trauma, abuse, neglect, and family dysfunction.

The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study asked thousands of participants if they had experienced 10 different types of adverse childhood experiences. The higher the ace score, the higher the likelihood of addiction, alcoholism, mental illness, and medical health issues.

These numbers highlight the importance of addressing the impact of childhood adversity which fuels addictions, mental disorders, and medical illnesses.

Expert in Traumatic Stress

We are excited to share that Phoenix Center’s Director/Founder, Dr. Scott Giacomucci, has been awarded Fellow status in the American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress (FAAETS).

This is the highest honor that the academy can bestow upon a member based on significant contribution to the field.

Scott was also recently granted Consultant status through EMDR International Association.

Check out Scott’s training page for upcoming events –

Or email him directly for information about a newly forming EMDR consultation group and supervision group –

Social Self Workshop

Today’s workshop, The Social Self in Experiential Therapy: Relationships, Attachment, & Interpersonal Neurobiology, presented the interpersonal theory and social atom of Jacob Moreno.

We explored the integrations of attachment theory, sociometric theory, and interpersonal neurobiology as they relate to experiential trauma therapy.

Moreno’s developmental phases (doubling, mirroring, & role reversal) were explored from the position of attachment within multiple parallel processes including the infant-caregiver dyad, the client-therapist dyad, the victim-perpetrator dyad (in our case today, a spontaneous sociodramatic vignette about slavery and white supremacy), within the development of a psychodrama vignette, and the layered interpersonal experience of the group itself.

Attachment styles were presented with emphasis on their role-reciprocity and role-complimentary natures. Participants explored their own attachment styles and considered its impact on their clients, supervisees, and colleagues.

Participants created social atoms and action sculpting was used to put one social atom into action integrating relational ideals into all our relations!

Psychodrama of the Dissertation

Today Dr Scott Giacomucci facilitated a session for incoming doctoral students at the University of Pennsylvania School of Social Policy & Practice.

The historical, philosophical, and theoretical connections of social work, Sociometry, and psychodrama were presented. Students then engaged in experiential Sociometry processes to explore shared experiences, fears, hopes, and goals.

The TSM circle of strengths was utilized to concretize the collective strengths of the cohort-as-a-whole and create a container of safety and inspiration for the years ahead as doctoral students.

Empty chairs were used to verbalize the positive & negative messages from the dissertation, the DSW degree, future self, and friends/family. Finally, students engaged in a psychodramatic vignette role reversing with themselves as future doctors of clinical social work.

#UPenn #SOCIALWORK #Psychodrama #sociometry #experientialteaching #experientialtherapy #emptychair

The Intersection of Trauma, Loss, and Addiction

Dr. Scott Giacomucci, DSW, LCSW, CTTS, CET III, PAT

“It is impossible to understand addiction without asking what relief the addict finds, or hopes to find, in the drug or the addictive behavior.” –Dr. Gabor Mate

Among the most common underlying factors of Substance Use Disorders (SUDS) and other addictive behaviors are unresolved trauma, neglect and loss.  Ignoring these fundamental issues in treatment results in a focus on symptom control rather than addressing the actual causes of addiction and relapse.

Addiction and Trauma—a Cyclical Relationship

Addiction and Trauma/loss have a cyclical relationship, which means they fuel each other.  Trauma and loss leave one vulnerable to developing addictions, and addictions leave one more vulnerable to experiencing further trauma and loss.

Trauma impacts our ability to regulate ourselves and our emotions, which is where the addiction comes in to play a role in helping us self-soothe and numb these emotions. Both addiction and trauma are characterized by attempts to ‘get out of ourselves’ through numbing, dissociation, and avoidance. Recent neuroscience research shows that social pain and physical pain look identical in brain scans – any opiate addict will tell you how well opiates work at numbing both types of pain. These findings further highlight the intersection between addiction, trauma, and loss.

Trauma and PTSD

Trauma describes any experience that overwhelms one’s ability to function and cope.  An inclusive definition of trauma might include experiencing or witnessing violence (relational or collective), abuse (physical, emotional, or sexual), death or loss, neglect, and abandonment. 

Research has demonstrated a strong connection between trauma and many mental health issues—including addictions, depression, and anxiety.  Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms include intrusions, avoidance, hyperarousal, negative thought/mood states and dissociation.  These could simply be described as a manifestation of past experiences (feelings, thoughts, images, relationships, physical sensations, defenses, and behaviors) showing up in the present moment.    

ACE Study

Research has shown a strong correlation between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) of trauma, neglect and loss, with adult alcoholism and addiction.  The ACE study used a simple 10 yes/no questionnaire inquiring about experiences of trauma, neglect, and family dysfunction in childhood. For someone reporting four or more ACEs, the results show a 500 percent increased chance of developing adult alcoholism, and a 1300 percent increased chance of developing an addiction. Higher ACE scores were correlated with her rates of depression, suicide attempts, and other medical issues.

  • 4 ACEs  = 500% increase in adult alcoholism
  • 4 ACEs = 1300% increase in adult IV drug use
  • 6 ACEs = 4600% increase in adult IV drug use

Trauma Treatment

There are many different approaches to trauma treatment and trauma recovery. While some people find traditional talk therapy to be helpful, other therapy approaches are available and may be more suitable for trauma work. Recent neuroscience research shows that the language/speech parts of the brain are offline when one remembers a traumatic event, which supports the use of or arts-based experiential therapy approaches such as music therapy, art therapy, drama therapy, and psychodrama. In the psychodrama approach, rather than talk about an issue or problem, we can put the situation into action using role-playing techniques and practice new ways of responding. In psychodrama, we could have a dialogue with God, with a deceased loved-one, or even with yourself at a different point in time. Psychodrama allows us to go places in therapy that would be impossible otherwise.

Another highly recommended and effective treatment for trauma is ‘EMDR’ or Eye-Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing. EMDR works by first providing practical tools for dealing with stress, anxiety, and overwhelming feelings. In EMDR, we call these resources; basically, there are about accessing positive memories that can change how we are feeling currently. After the resourcing stage comes the EMDR processing stage during which specific traumatic memories are targeting using EMDR’s protocol. EMDR is incredibly effective for single-incident traumatic events. EMDR and the creative-arts therapies are unique in that you can heal from trauma without having to tell someone every detail of your traumatic experience.

To find a local psychodrama group or workshop, use

To find a local EMDR therapist, use

Recommended Resources

Yoga and meditation are wonderful resources for trauma and addiction recovery. A recent study found yoga to be more helpful in reducing PTSD symptoms than any medication that has ever been researched. Research on meditation supports its effectiveness in rewiring the brain and strengthening one’s ability to tolerate discomfort, empathize with others, and find inner peace.

Suggested Books

Bessel van der Kolk, MD – The Body Keeps the Score:  Brain, Mind, and Body in the Healing of Trauma (2015)

Peter A. Levine, PhD – In an Unspoken Voice: How the Body Releases Trauma and Restores Goodness (2010)

Francine Shapiro, PhD – Getting Past Your Past: Take Control of Your Life with Self-Help Techniques from EMDR Therapy (2013)

Christine A. Courtois, PhD – It’s Not You, It’s What Happened to You (2014)

Feel free to download this handout and use it in your work!

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